News and Events
2014-2015 Research Theme:
"Medieval and Renaissance Globalisms"
In concert with the Pittsburgh Consortium for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, a set of talks and reading groups this year will focus on the theme of “Medieval and Renaissance Globalisms.” We will examine how today's globalization is part of a long and complex historical process that has roots in the cross-cultural interactions of the medieval and early modern periods. We invite students and faculty from area universities to join us as we explore topics such as the overlapping constructions of race and sexuality during Europe's early overseas expansion; mutually transformative encounters among Christianity, Judaism, and Islam; the circulation of material objects in increasingly global markets; and textual, visual, and dramatic representations of cultural others.
Thursday, April 9, 2015, at 12:30 pm
Shirin Khanmohamadi (San Francisco State)
"Translating Empire in the Chansons de Geste"
Humanities Center, Cathedral of Learning Room 602
The twelfth century French of Italy text the Chanson d’Aspremont tells the pre-history of the transfer of Durendal, Roland’s sword of Song of Roland fame, from Muslim royal hands to Roland on the bitter mountain passes, “the aspremont,” of Calabria. Against the prevailing synchronic reading of the chansons de geste as the locus of civilizational confrontation between Frank and Saracen, in this talk I propose that we view such transfers of war objects in Aspremont and other chansons de geste as evidence of diachronic and historical thinking in these popular works, namely as popular expressions of the translation of Arab imperium to Franks. Placing my reading alongside historiographical explanations for the continuing 'imperium' of contemporary Arabs and Turks in high medieval universal chronicles, I argue that such literary and historical evidence urges our rethinking of how medieval writers understood translatio imperii, the Saracens, and their relationship.
Shirin A. Khanmohamadi is an Associate Professor in the Comparative and World Literature department at San Francisco State University, where she specializes in comparative medieval European literature, premodern travel and ethnographic writing, literary and cultural contact between the medieval European and Islamic worlds, and medievalism in contemporary theory and literature. Her articles have appeared in New Medieval Literatures, Exemplaria, and Arthuriana. Her study of premodern ethnographic poetics, In Light of Another´s Word: European Ethnography in the Middle Ages, was recently published in The University of Pennsylvania Press' Middle Ages Series (2014). Her current research is on the way in which Arabs and Arabic culture figure in articulations of translatio imperii and studii in a number of medieval genres, including historiography and romance but especially the chansons de geste.
Co-sponsored by the Humanities Center and the European Union Center of Excellence/European Studies Center